* Sea Buckthorn is known as the “Holy Fruit of the Himalayas” and may be the most complete super-fruit on the Earth. It contains over 190 biologically active compounds, with a full range of omega fatty acids in perfect balance, and is an incredible anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant.
*** Sea buckthorn is a hardy, fast growing deciduous tree-like shrub, between 2 to 4m tall, with yellow or orange berries. It has brown or black rough bark and a thick grayish-green crown. Leaves are alternate, narrow, and lanceolate with a silvergrey colour on the under side. It is an ideal plant for soil erosion control, land reclamation, wildlife habitat enhancement, and farm shelterbelt protection, with nodule rooting capability of fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere. (3. Canada Seabuckthorn Enterprises Limited ©1997) Sea buckthorn needs a period of 4-5 years from the appearance of the first shoots from the seeds to the beginning of fruit and peaks at the 7-8th year of plant life, remaining productive for 30 years with intermittent pruning. An orchard planting can yield 10 tonnes of berries per hectare. The leaves, berries and seeds of sea buckthorn have high nutritional and medicinal values, containing vitamins C, B1, B2, E, F, K, P, provitamin A, sugars and organic acids. An average protein content of 30%, with polyphenol activity, including such rare fatty acids and alkaloids as nervonic and serotonin, reputed to protect the human central nervous system from toxins such as radioactivity: with selenium included with 27 mineral elements. Each berry contains one bony, ovoid seed. The fruit may be harvested on schedule of maturity defined to 25 days before the particular climate zones average first frost. The fruit is usually harvested by hand picking/stripping or flailed onto ground sheets from late fall to early spring. The highly nutritional (vitamin C, etc.) leaves as a tea crop, should be harvested, from the male shrub only, during late June and mid July, so as not to interfere with the fruit set on the female shrub. The best nutritional time period is after fruit appearance ( a minute green berry on the female shrub). The species is dioecious, the sex cannot be determined in the seed, or prior to 3-4 years of growth, on or during budding of both vegetative and mixed (vegetative– generative) buds when initiated along shoots. The vegetative buds form primarily on plants which are not bearing fruit. On fruiting plants, the mixed buds are formed. These in appearance, according to the gender, on male plants the buds are larger, more protruding and have 6-8 covering scales.
*** Source: http://www.seabuckthorn.com/prodgdpdf.pdf